Published on 02/11/2020
Use of tidal currents: resources vs. constraints of tidal sites
The potential of kinetic energy from tidal currents is subject to strong spatial and temporal variations. Although now mature enough to consider development on a commercial scale, tidal technology is still subject to considerable uncertainty as to the economic viability of commercial farm projects. Indeed, the longevity of the turbines remains a major issue given the hostile environments in which they are deployed. It is therefore crucial to develop relevant and effective strategies to evaluate the actual resource, but also to take into account the turbulent flow parameters and hydrodynamic constraints that apply to the structure of tidal turbines. In the case of a farm, it is also necessary to evaluate the effects of interactions between the machines. For several years, France Energies Marines has been coordinating and conducting national and European R&D projects on the physical characterisation of tidal sites.
R&D focused on the characterisation of tidal sites
A collaborative project on the hydrodynamics of the Alderney Race was completed in 2019. It studied the impact of sea state and storms on the hydrological resource through in-situ radar measurements combined with numerical modelling (HYD2M project). Tools allowing the prediction of the hydrological resource, as well as the quantification of the real potential of the site have been developed.
France Energies Marines has set up and coordinated two projects aimed at improving knowledge of turbulent processes at tidal sites (THYMOTE and MUSCATTS projects). Its direct applications concern the fatigue dimensioning of tidal turbines, the estimation of their efficiency as well as the determination of the optimal positioning of the turbines within a farm. The Institute has four measuring cages and various instruments that can be attached to them: 5-beam ADCP current profilers, hydrophones, acoustic receivers and a stereo-video system coupled with a camera. These means can be used together or separately to obtain a detailed description of current fields, turbulent parameters and sediment transport (PHYSIC project). A part of these means was used during campaigns at the Alderney Race in extreme sea conditions during the winter of 2017 and was successfully recovered in 2018.
France Energies Marines was also involved in two H2020 European projects where the characterisation of tidal sites plays an important role. The first one dealed with the use of artificial intelligence to improve the performance of turbines (ELEMENT project). The Institute was in charge of the physical and biological characterisation of the estuarine site located in the Ria d’Etel (Brittany, France). The work carried out made it possible to test the use of control systems based on artificial intelligence in order to adjust the operation of the tidal turbine to the current conditions and thus maximise the amount of energy recovered. The second project focused on the development of an open source software suite for the design and optimisation of wave and tidal turbine farms (DTOCEANPLUS project). Our team has developed the site characterisation module.
Photo credit: Free Photos / Pixabay
Advanced design tools for ocean energy systems innovation, development and deployment
Effective lifetime extension in the marine environment for tidal energy
Alderney Race hydrodynamics: measurements and modelling
Sediment transport processes in the presence of intense currents
Turbulence characterisation for tidal turbine design
Multi-scale approaches at one tidal site
Tidal turbulence: modelling, field observations and tank experiments
Hydrodynamics and seabed dynamics research engineer
Metocean Data Analysis Researcher