International Vision for Ocean Energy
IEA-Ocean Energy Systems
Ocean Energy Systems (OES) has released a new report entitled An International Vision for Ocean Energy
The ocean energy sector has the potential to directly create 680 thousand jobs and save 500 million tonnes of CO2 emissions.
In their latest report, OES presents an updated international vision for ocean energy. The document presents the global state-of-the-art in ocean energy and predicts that the sector will directly create 680 thousand jobs and save 500 million tonnes of CO2 emissions by 2050.
Human life depends on the world’s oceans. They provide food, transport routes, leisure opportunities and energy. In a time of strong population growth and climate change, ocean energy has a greater role to play than ever before. The oceans accumulate huge amounts of energy that can be put to use in a clean, secure and cost effective manner. Tidal currents, ocean waves, temperature differences and salinity gradients can all be converted into useable energy given the correct technologies. There is potential for over 300GW of generation capacity to be installed by 2050.
The majority of ocean energy technologies are currently at the conceptual or prototype stages and growth of the sector over the last 15 years has been slower than predicted. However, recent modelling suggests that the rates of growth seen in the offshore wind sector in the last 20 years will be reproduced in ocean energy between 2030 and 2050. Tidal energy technologies are currently the most advanced, followed closely by wave energy, thermal energy and salinity gradient concepts.
Alongside detailed descriptions of each technology, the International Vision for Ocean Energy presents topics including: challenges to technology development; synergies with other sectors; technology transfer; and policies to support the development of the ocean energy sector.
To download the document, go here.
About the IEA-OES
The Ocean Energy Systems Technology Collaboration Programme (OES) is an intergovernmental collaboration between countries, which operates under framework established by the International Energy Agency in Paris.
The Ocean Energy Systems Energy Technology Collaboration Programme (OES) was launched in 2001. The need for technology cooperation was identified in response to increased activity in the development of ocean wave and tidal current energy in the latter part of the 1990’s and the beginning of this decade, primarily in Denmark, Portugal and the United Kingdom.These three countries were the inaugural signatories to the OES.
The OES brings together countries to advance research, development and demonstration of conversion technologies to harness energy from all forms of ocean renewable resources, such as tides, waves, currents, temperature gradient (ocean thermal energy conversion and submarine geothermal energy) and salinity gradient for electricity generation, as well as for other uses, such as desalination, through international cooperation and information exchange.
The OES completed its second five-year mandate on 28 February 2012. Thus, a request for a new 5-year term, including the End-of-Term Report and a new Strategic Plan, had been submitted to the CERT in July 2011, and was approved on 1 February 2012. The ExCo prepared a 5-year Strategic Plan to the IEA to secure this third 5-year mandate. A key component of this Plan is a Communications Plan, which will raise the profile of OES and of its efforts “to realize cost-competitive, environmentally sound ocean energy on a sustainable basis to provide a significant contribution to meeting future energy demands”.
OES consists of 20 member countries (as of Feb. 2013). Each country is represented by contracting parties - who nominates participants in the OES Executive Committee. Participants in the OES are specialists from government departments, national energy agencies, research or scientific bodies and academia, nominated by the Contracting Parties.
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